Magnesium – An alkaline earth–atomic number 12; atomic weight 24.3–intracellular cation and essential mineral required for bone and tooth formation; Mg2+ is bound to ATP, plays a pivotal role in neuromuscular activity, nerve conduction and signaling, muscle contraction; Mg2+ is a cofactor in enzymatic reactions in carbohydrate, protein, and nucleic acid metabolism, and is linked to the electrochemical properties of living systems ↑ in Renal failure, Addison’s disease, magnesium infusion ↓ in DM, neuromuscular disease, ↑ Ca2+, ↑ K+, malabsorption syndromes, hyperparathyroidism.


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